Ten Principles of Arya Samaj
Great Arya Samajist
(19th April 1864 to15th Nov. 1938)
Hans Raj was born in a small town, Bajwara, in district Hoshiarpur on
April 1864. He lost his father before he was 12 and had to be looked
after and educated by his elder brother who drew a meager salary of Rs.
40 per month. The family moved to Lahore where Hans Raj joined a
missionary school. He was incensed by the slighting references to Hindu
pantheism, worship of idols and caste prejudices by a Christian teacher.
But while he was still a student Hans Raj had fallen under the spell of
the teaching of Swami Dayanand Sarswati, and his stirring appeal to
rejuvenate Aryan Hinduism by going back to the Vedas which believed in
one God, "OM" rejected idol worship and the caste system. Young Hansraj
volunteered his services to the Arya Samaj, and was appointed the
Headmaster of the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School in Lahore. Under the
leadership of Hans Raj, this school not only blossomed into a college,
but it also became one of the outstanding educational institutions of
Lahore. (It is believed that "OM" carved in Sanskrit may still be
Mahatma Anand Swamiji Sarawati
As Arya Samaj took deeper roots in Punjab because largely due to a band
of devotees like Lala Lajpat Rai, Pandit Guru Dutt Vidyarthi and Lala
Sain Das. Hans Raj who could have easily got a job in government service
decided to accept the headmastership of a non-existent school with no
pay. Under the leadership of Hansraj ji's and his comrades-in-arms who
had opened relief camps, notwithstanding adverse circumstances succeeded
in reconverting to the Vedic dharma more than 2500 Kerala Hindus who
had been forcibly made Muslims in the Mopla rebellion. Hansraj ji, even
before he earned the loving and respectful prefix `Mahatma� was a
perfect motivator of men par excellence. He would achieve the
unachievable through perfect teamwork. Every member of the team carried
on his duties assigned by Hansraj ji as if it was a struggle for his own
The influence of the Arya Samaj was widespread in Lahore, and it played a
significant role in shaping the outlook of the middle classes of the
city. From the DAV days, right from its inception on the first of June
in 1886 in the Arya Samaj Lahore, Hansraj ji had learnt to treat his
staff and students as his own kith and kin. Boys of DAV school and later
of the DAV College were treated like his own sons, irrespective of
caste, creed or colour. No wonder Sir Shahabuddin, Speaker of the Punjab
Legislative Assembly of undivided India and an ex-DAV School student
spoke thus on the demise of Mahatma Hansraj ji:
"When my father died, I became fatherless,
When my mother died, I became motherless,
Today on the death of Lala Hansraj, I am
Reduced to the state of an ORPHAN. "
Hans Raj did by leading the country from the darkness of ignorance to
the enlightenment of knowledge. He devoted his whole life serving the
DAV institutions and also served as president of Arya Samaj Lahore and
Arya Pratinidhi Sabha Punjab. Because of his services, sacrifice and
simplicity people called him as Mahatma. Without doubt the largest
non-governmental educational organization in the world is the chain of
Dayanand Arya Vedic schools and colleges spread over the length and
breadth of the country.
Mahatma Hansraj preached well. He practiced what he preached. "Sandhya"
(Vedic prayer), "Swadhyaya"(self study), "Samaj Satsang" (weekly
religious session of the Arya Samaj), "Swadesh," (loyalty to the
motherland) and "Sewa" (service of man) were the five precepts he lived
by. He would exercise his body through morning walks and take an
occasional break by retreating to the hills. Mahatma Hansraj had
unflinching faith in the Vedic Dharm as propounded by Swami Dayanand
Saraswati. He lived a full life, served the DAV institution for 25 years
without accepting a paisa as pay and devoted another 25 years to the
service of mankind. Indeed Lala Hansraj was a Mahatma par excellence who
motivated men to touch the sky with glory.
The end came on November 14, 1938 and his sons, daughters, grandchildren and innumerable friends were around him.
Mahatma Anand Swami Ji
Mahashay Khushal Chand Ji, later known as Mahatma Anand Swami Ji Sarawati started Daily Milap in Lahore on the 13th of April 1923.
He was a Social Reformist and an instrument of social change while fighting tooth and nail for the freedom of the country. Gradually, through the love of the people, Milap actually grew and prospered and, even in its current functioning, carries with it many values which it has stood for over the years. As the name of the newspaper suggests, it is spreading the message of harmony, love and brotherhood amongst mankind.